Cosmetic gums are among the first components that new formulators encounter. They are mostly used in the production of gels and in the thickening of other cosmetic formulations, such as emulsions. Natural gums may be used to create straightforward goods by even novice formulators because some of them are accessible and simple to use.
Natural gums are macromolecules having repeating structural units, or polymers. Polysaccharides make up natural gums. These chemicals have regions that can interact with water. They develop tridimensional structures when hydrated, “trapping” the water within and increasing the viscosity of the mixture.
Gums are used in a wide range of products and in many different industries. The food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, and other sectors all employ them. They serve a variety of purposes in cosmetics, including changing a product’s viscosity and appearance, enhancing sensory qualities, suspending insoluble substances, stabilizing emulsions, and adjusting the foaming capabilities of surfactant-based products. They also have the ability to create films, which keeps the skin moisturized.
Guar gum, acacia gum, xanthan gum, and locust-bean gum are the most prevalent gums used in skin care products.
Gums are safe and suitable for use in cosmetics.
Gums are used to improve or alter the consistency of goods
Guar gum improves the consistency of goods by acting as a natural thickening and emulsifier. Guar gum, a polysaccharide (like starch or cellulose) that is frequently used in hair care, is made from guar beans that are cultivated all over the world, from the US to India to Australia. It functions as a surfactant-enhancing lather in soap, and its thickening capabilities in products like shaving cream help to generate the luxurious foam that makes razors glide over skin. Additionally, it functions as a preservative in goods and has some conditioning qualities.
Ever wonder where your serums get their gel-like, slick smoothness from? this gum is harmless and can be found in almost all forms of food as well as cosmetics. It functions as an emulsifier and thickening to aid in the creation of stable emulsions of oil and water. Natural xanthan gum is made from sugar made from wheat, corn, or soy. It’s actually very harmless; it works similarly to maize starch to enhance product smoothness and prevent separation.
Acacia gum, as its name indicates, is made from the sap of these plants. Acacia gum emulsifies water and oil rather than really increasing viscosity. It is widely used not just in lipsticks, mascaras, and sunscreens but also in cleansers, serums, and masks because it helps skin-care products adhere to the skin and helps seal in moisture.
LOCUST BEAN GUM
This vegan thickener is made from carob tree seeds. It is a substance that may modify a product’s viscosity (it has a significant gelling potential) and is present in creams, lotions, and gel formulations for both skin and hair care.
In essence, a polymer is basically a big collection of tiny components that make up a material. Polymers make up all gums. As previously mentioned, their primary functions are to stabilize emulsions or produce gels, which thicken products like face masks so they remain on your face instead of leaking. In addition, several natural polymers, such as konjac powder and hyaluronic acid, provide good skin advantages in addition to stabilizing and thickening (HA).
Non-ionic thickening sclerotium gum is created from fermented fungi. This adaptable gum may improve the skin’s moisture barrier, limiting trans-epidermal water loss and keeping the skin hydrated. It also has a high heat stability. Sclerotium is stable in a wide variety of temperatures, salt concentrations, and pH values and will gel at a concentration of 0.8 percent. Additionally, it is compatible with high concentrations of ethanol (up to 20 percent) and glycols (up to 25 percent ).
Particles distributed in a sclerotium gum gel will remain suspended without settling because sclerotium gum is a great option as a suspending agent. When compounding with alpha-hydroxy acids, sclerotium gum is a fantastic option.