INGREDIENTS IN SKINCARE FORMULATION
The ingredients you use in skincare formulation are determined by the product you are making. You’ll be making one of three types of cosmetics in the great majority of cases: anhydrous, water-based, or emulsion.
Most DIY skincare product manufacturers start with anhydrous goods since they are simple to produce; they contain no water (thus the name) and can come in the shape of lip balms, scrubs, body butter. Because anhydrous balms are prepared with oils, butters, and waxes, they can’t have any water-soluble components because they won’t dissolve in the oils. Oil soluble substances, such as carrier oils, Vitamin E (an antioxidant), and essential oils, are permitted.
Anhydrous goods are formed of water and water soluble components, whereas water-based products are comprised of water and water soluble compounds.
Toners, body sprays, and gels come to mind.
It’s also vital to remember that water-based substances require the addition of a preservative, since any product containing water might serve as a breeding ground for bacteria.
Finally, emulsions fall between between anhydrous and water-based materials. Emulsions are a stable combination of oils and water.
Emulsions include body lotions, face moisturizers, and hair conditioners.
Water-based goods can include both water and water-soluble compounds like panthenol or allantoin, as well as water-based substances like hydrosols and liquid extracts
Emulsions require the presence of an emulsifier to blend oils and water. They also require a preservative since they contain water.
It’s critical to decide on the product type before picking components for your natural skincare product. Do you require water-based, oil-based, or both types of ingredients? will you need antioxidants, preservatives, emulsifiers, thickeners, and stabilizers required? And so forth.
Carrier oils, butters, waxes, essential oils, CO2 extracts, hydrosols, glycerites, powders, clays, thickeners, stabilizers, solubilizers, preservatives, emulsifiers, antioxidants, and other ingredients are just a few examples.
To have a better understanding of how substances influence skin, you’ll need to learn more about how skin and hair functions, what it requires, and what might hurt it.
Knowing enough about the skin will provide you with the knowledge you need to choose the ideal substances for the correct skin type and for the proper skin issues.
Following a professional product development process may make generating natural skincare products easier if you know the sort of product you’re making, have precise information on a wide variety of natural skincare ingredients, and understand biology of the skin.
You’ll learn which ‘base’ components you’ll use, if the product requires emulsifiers, preservatives, thickeners, or other additives, and stabilizers .
A formula is also very important . A formula is the proper term for what is essentially a skincare recipe written in a professional manner. The most significant distinction between a formula and a recipe is that a formula specifies the amount of each component as a percentage.
The INCI name of the substances (the scientific or Latin name), the purpose of the ingredients, the supplier, and other pertinent information are all included in your recipe
You’ll need to know how much of each component to use at this point to get the desired effect – viscosity, scent, texture, skin feel, thickness, density, pH, color, and so on. You’ll need to know how much they use.